2 edition of Household response to soil degradation found in the catalog.
Household response to soil degradation
|Statement||Linda Casey, Michael Paolisso.|
|Contributions||Paolisso, Michael Jeffrey., International Center for Research on Women., World Neighbors (Organization)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||48 p. :|
|Number of Pages||48|
The first premise of this book is that farmers need access to options for improving their situation. In agricultural terms, these options might be manage ment alternatives or different crops to grow, that can stabilize or increase household income, that reduce soil degradation and dependence on off-farm inputs, or that exploit local market opportunities. Land degradation, particularly soil erosion, is currently a major challenge for Nepal. With a high rate of population growth, subsistence-based rural economy, and increasingly intense rainfall events in the monsoon season, Nepal is prone to several forms of land degradation, such as floods, landslides, and soil erosion. To understand the causes, impacts, and possible management options for Cited by: 8.
Regionally and globally, soil erosion is a major contributor to total land degradation. Its impact is more pronounced in rainfed areas and it is a major threat to agriculture in India, with a significant economic cost amounting to about % of GDP in as per estimates by TERI ().. Continuous soil erosion diminishes land productivity, in turn threatening livelihoods, particularly. Soil degradation - damage to the land's productive capacity because of poor agricultural practices such as the excessive use of pesticides or fertilizers, soil compaction from heavy equipment, or erosion of topsoil, eventually resulting in reduced ability to produce agricultural products.
Mass spectrometry is the most sensitive, rapid and informative analytical tool available. In full colour throughout, this book describes the power of this technique in resolving environmental issues, demonstrating how real-world complex problems can be solved in a simple and elegant way. Soil erosion is a form of soil degradation on agricultural land. It is the relatively rapid removal of topsoil by rain or wind. Under natural conditions - in climates where agriculture can be practiced - the soil is protected by vegetation and the rate of soil loss by erosion is very low.
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Book: Household response to soil degradation: a case study of gender and demographic dynamics in Honduras pp pp. ref Abstract: Ina study of gender, population, and environment was initiated in the Yuscarán area, Honduras honduras Subject Category: Geographic EntitiesCited by: 3.
Author(s): Casey,L; Paolisso,M Title(s): Household response to soil degradation: a case study of gender and demographic dynamics in Honduras/ L.
Casey, M. Paolisso. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Washington, D.C., International Center for Research on Women [ICRW], Soil Degradation. Land degradation is defined as the temporary or permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land, and the diminution of the productive potential, including its major land uses (e.g., rain-fed arable, irrigation, forests), its farming systems (e.g., smallholder subsistence), and its value as an economic resource.
Soil erosion is a significant problem in the Ethiopian highlands. The objective of this study was to investigate how farmers perceive the severity of soil erosion in the Upper Blue Nile Basin. has been submitted to the G20 Presidency of the Republic of Argentina in response to the Presidency’s request for information on future trends and challenges faced by global agriculture, with a special focus on the role of soils in promoting food security and the measures that could be undertaken to facilitate sustainable soil Size: 2MB.
This collection of papers (chosen among those presented at the Int'l Conference on Soil Degradation held in Khon Kaen, Thailand, ) - brings forward various answers to this serious question (including new approaches and strategies for conservation, and also new terminologies, such as "good land husbandry" and "sustained land-use"), aimed to Cited by: SOIL EROSION, DEFORESTATION AND RURAL LIVELIHOODS IN THECENTRAL RIFT VALLEY AREA OF ETHIOPIA: A CASE STUDY IN THE DENKU MICRO-WATERSHED OROMIA REGION by KASSU KEBEDE BEYENE Submitted in accordance with the requirement for the degree of MASTER’S IN HUMAN ECOLOGY at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: Dr.
W Bewket. Land degradation reduces the productivity of land which poses a serious threat on food security status of households. The present study was designed with objectives of examining farmers Author: Wagayehu Bekele.
Soil degradation includes erosion, salinization (due to freshwater removal), soil loss following erosion after deforestation or overgrazing, “compaction and crusting (of soils), [which] can be caused by cattle trampling,” and waterlogging with impaired water movement (Oldeman et al., ).It was estimated in that there was billion ha of land globally with soil degradation caused.
concerns. Land degradation can also cause erosion and landslides. Causes of soil degradation range from the use of fertilisers to dumping of industrial waste.
Poor approaches to safeguarding habitats and dealing with deforestation can lead to degraded land. Unsustainable land use, including overgrazing, also reduces the quality of soil.
Sustaining Soil Productivity in Response to Global Climate Change: Science, Policy, and Ethics is a multi-disciplinary volume exploring the ethical, political and social issues surrounding the stewardship of our vital soil resources.
Based on topics presented by an international group of experts at a conference convened through support of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Manufacturer: Wiley. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE. SECTION II Time—90 minutes. 4 Questions. Directions: Answer all four questions, which are weighted equally; the suggested time is about 22 minutes for answering each question.
Write all your answers on the pages following the questions in this book. Where calculations are required, clearly show how you arrived at. Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers ent balance in soils of SSA (Henao and Baanante, ), underpinned by poverty, affects 95 million hectares of arable land that have reached such a state of degradation that only huge investments in soil restoration can make them productive again (IFDC, ).
Land degradation is a multi-faceted and complex phenomenon (Mbow et al. ).The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, (UNCCD) defines land itself as “the terrestrial bio-productive system that comprises soil, vegetation, other biota, and the ecological and hydrological processes that operate within the system.”Cited by: 4.
Abstract- This study was aimed to assess soil degradation and conservation practices in Darimu and Chewaka Woredas of Illu Ababora Zone. Through purposive and simple random sampling methods a total of respondents were selected from the woredas. To File Size: 1MB. Soil is an essential natural resource for survival on the earth that is constantly being damaged due to human activities.
In recent decades, soil science has emerged as a specialised discipline to study soil formation, soil classification and its properties. Household Population Dynamics, Environment and Natural Resources.
Household population dynamics encompass several key variables: nuptuality, fertility, morbidity, mortality, migration, as well as the ‘lifecycle’ of a household, which is shaped by the former variables and affects a household’s size and age and sex by: Land degradation through soil erosion has long been recognised as an environmental problem caused by inappropriate farming practices.
As early as Bennett produced his book on soil conservation, no doubt in response to the perceived global land degradation of the s.
Jacks and Whyte’s () Rape of the Earth: a World Survey of Soil. In Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations, David R. Montgomery suggests that soil quality is one of several factors that can contribute to the rise and decline of civilizations.
Published inMontgomery's analysis recalls Jared Diamond's Collapse (), but it is about dirt.4/5. Abstract. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has experienced the most severe land degradation in the world.
Given that livelihoods of the majority of the rural poor heavily depend on natural resources, countries in the region have designed a number of policies and strategies to address land degradation and to enhance by:. Land pollution is defined as a degradation or even destruction of the earth’s surface and soil as a result of human activities.
Sources of soil pollution can be direct, for example, from dumping toxic chemicals directly on to a site, or indirect, for example where toxic chemicals leach through the soil from particulates that have settled.increasing. The rate of soil nutrient depletion is among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa (Stoorvogel and Smaling ), and soil erosion is a serious problem, especially in highland areas (Bagoora ).
Land degradation contributes to the low and in many cases declining agricultural productivity in Uganda. Two of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to “end poverty” (Goal 1) and to “strive to achieve a land-degradation neutral world” (Goal ), which requires that any land degradation is fully offset by restoration of degraded land.
A fundamental question is whether these two SDGs are compatible. Ending global poverty while at the same time balancing land Author: Edward Barbier.