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Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Cost-benefit analysis and water fluoridation found in the catalog.

Cost-benefit analysis and water fluoridation

D. P. Doessel

Cost-benefit analysis and water fluoridation

an Australian study

by D. P. Doessel

  • 65 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Australian National University in Canberra .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Water -- Fluoridation -- Cost effectiveness,
  • Water -- Fluoridation -- Australia -- Townsville (Qld.)

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 128-139.

    StatementD.P. Doessel.
    SeriesResearch monograph / Australian National University. Health Research Project -- 1, Research monograph (Australian National University. Health Research Project) : -- 1
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA597Q4 D6
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxviii, 139 p. :
    Number of Pages139
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18997024M
    ISBN 10070811203

    A cost-benefit analysis of five different water protection measures implemented by municipalities on the shores of the Baltic Sea was conducted as part of the EU Life+ co-funded project CITYWATER. Below, you will find the full study report, the executive summary and the marginal benefit report, which was an annex to the study. Cost–benefit and water resources policy: a survey Frank A. Ward Department of Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Business, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM , USA. E-mail: [email protected] Abstract This paper reviews recent developments in cost–benefit analysis for water policy researchers who wish to under-.

      A lively account of fluoridation and its discontents. Since its first implementation in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in , public drinking water fluoridation and its attendant conflicts, controversies, and conspiracy theories serve as an object lesson in American science, public health, and policymaking. There appears to be little or no concern by officials responsible for implementing water fluoridation, at least in Wellington, Florida., over the health consequences of adding as much as μg/L of As to the local water supply via HFSA because that amount is much “less than the MCL of 10 μg/L (ppb) set by the USEPA and deemed safe for Cited by: 5.

      Community water fluoridation is a unique delivery mode of public health care in that fluoride is administered to everyone who drinks the water, regardless of dental status or needs, and at an amount proportional to the water consumed from the fluoridated source, which can range from zero to several liters per day. 4 At the same time, because Cited by: 7. on the availability of water and fluoride resources. The feasibility of fluoridation of drinking water, the availability of central water supply, and the population served will determine the cost-effectiveness of this measure for each country. Key words: Community water fluoridation, Cost-effectiveness analysis, Equitable, Prevention.


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Cost-benefit analysis and water fluoridation by D. P. Doessel Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Doessel, Darrel Philipp, Cost-benefit analysis and water fluoridation. Canberra: Australian National University, A recent economic analysis found that for communities of 1, or more people, the savings associated with water fluoridation exceeded estimated program costs, with an average annual savings of $20 per dollar invested.

3 Additionally, individuals in communities that fluoridate water save an average of $32 per person by avoiding treatment. Sensitivity analysis shows discount rate and the efficacy and cost of and costs of water fluoridation, in the New Zealand setting.

In doing so, we take an economist’s perspective; we look at the national cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of fluoridation, and comment briefly on disparities. The costs and benefits of water fluoridation in NZ Article (PDF Available) in BMC Oral Health 17(1) December with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

The adverse impacts of removing water fluoridation will be inequitably distributed. Lower income and other health-disadvantaged populations experience poorer oral health overall and significant barriers to dental care. As a result, the removal of water fluoridation will be particularly damaging for health-File Size: KB.

Implementing community water fluoridation involves costs, but these need to be considered against the likely benefits. We aimed to assess the cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness of water fluoridation in New Zealand (NZ) in terms of expenditure and quality-adjusted life years.

Based on published studies, we determined the risk reduction effects of fluoridation, we quantified its health Cited by: 1. Public health investment planning is a crucial part of health planning. This study evaluates the economic cost-benefit of investing on fluoridation of the water supply in a small remote community.

Headline results of the national level cost benefit analysis of fluoridation There is strong evidence for the health benefits of water fluoridation A large body of epidemiological evidence accumulated over 60 years, including thorough systematic reviews, confirms water fluoridation prevents and reduces dental decay across the lifespan.

Community water fluoridation is the controlled adjustment of fluoride in a public water supply to help prevent tooth decay (i.e., dental caries or cavities) in the community. Fluoride prevents tooth decay by preventing demineralization and enhancing remineralization of tooth enamel.

used, the cost-benefit ratios changed considerably, but even under pessimistic scenarios the potential economic benefits generally outweighed the costs.

Due to uncertainties in many of the data inputs, it is recommended to conduct detailed country case studies as a follow-up to this global analysis. A follow-up report which provides a DHB-level evaluation of the benefits and costs of water fluoridation is now available: The benefits and costs of water fluoridation - a summary for DHBs.

Downloads Review of the Benefits and Costs of Water Fluoridation in New Zealand (pdf, KB). In particular, the primary cost-benefit analysis used to support CWF in the U.S. assumes negligible adverse effects from CWF and omits the costs of treating dental fluorosis, of accidents and overfeeds, of occupational exposures to fluoride, of promoting CWF, and of avoiding fluoridated water.

A new report on the cost effectiveness of community water fluoridation (CWF) confirms it is still effective. The report is: Ran, T., & Chattopadhyay, S.

Economic Evaluation of Community Water Fluoridation: A Community Guide Systematic Review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. This study is a systematic review of the literature. Water Fluoridation: An Analysis of the Health Benefits and Risks Institut national de santé publique du Québec III FOREWORD Water fluoridation is a public health measure that has been used for approximately sixty years to reduce the incidence tooth decay in the general population.

This preventive. A lively account of fluoridation and its discontents Since its first implementation in Grand Rapids, Michigan, inpublic drinking water fluoridation and its attendant conflicts, controversies, and conspiracy theories serve as an object lesson in American science, public health, and policymaking.

In addition to the arguments on the issue still raging today, the tale of fluoridation and 1/5(2). Most previous cost-benefit analyses of fluoridation programs have been retrospective in approach and have biased their results in favor of fluoridation. This study performed a prospective cost-benefit analysis of fluoridating a segment of the water supply for Houston, Texas, and explicitly introduced and evaluated the time pattern of the costs Cited by: Simple Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis washing might find the water no longer useable and might have to go further to find water or have to buy it.

Using a voting system, votes on whether to back the project might appear like that in Table Size: KB. 5 Ideally the cost benefit analysis should be built around a simulation of likely flooding scenarios. Lastly, recognizing the importance of addressing root causes, activities to improve sector policy, institutional capacity, and governance play an increasing role in WASH projects.

The study recommends using the cost-benefit analysis method and, furthermore, to use the Baltic Sea Challenge network as supportive tools for implementing new water protection measures. The results are presented in the Cost-benefit analysis report and in the Executive summary.

When the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted a cost benefit analysis of improving water and sanitation services at an international level, they estimated the healthcare cost associated with a diarrheal illness to be between $10 and $23, depending on the geographic region.

Share what you learn about water with others, tell others about. Cost–benefit analysis gives decisionmakers a method for evaluating investments in water projects, judging alternative projects, and estimating the impact of various regulatory changes.

The basic principle of cost–benefit analysis is that the benefits of a water project must exceed the costs. `This book offers a unique and very coherent collection of ambitious CBA studies of water-related issues.

It can be seen as a showcase of the potential, as well as a test on the limits, of cost-benefit analysis. Given the increasing importance of effective and efficient management of water - in response to water scarcity, water pollution and Format: Hardcover.Costs and Cost Effectiveness of Water Fluoridation Set up and running Costs The initial feasibility study commissioned from Yorkshire Water by Hull City Council has estimated the capital and operating costs of a potential local fluoridation scheme.

Funding for the capital costs (estimated to be approximately £ million to £2 million for theFile Size: KB.